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  • SSuubbmmiissssiioonn ttoo tthhee SSaasskkaattcchheewwaann

    PPrroovviinncciiaall CCoouurrtt CCoommmmiissssiioonn

    SSaasskkaattcchheewwaann PPrroovviinncciiaall CCoouurrtt JJuuddggeess AAssssoocciiaattiioonn

    November 21, 2011

  • i SPCJA Submission to the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Commission November 2011

    2011 Provincial Court Commission

    November 2011 Submission of the

    The Saskatchewan Provincial Court Judges’ Association

    Table of Contents Page

    Part I Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

    Part II Provincial Court Of Saskatchewan – An Overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2

    A. Circuit Map . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3.1

    Part III Mandate of the Provincial Court Commission . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7

    Part IV Factors for Consideration . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    A. The Trial Judges’ Role and Judicial Independence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    1. Responsibilities of a Trial Court Judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13

    2. The Provincial Court and Judicial Independence . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19

    3. The Work of the Provincial Court. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .22

    i. Criminal Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23

    ii. New Offences and Legislative Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25

    iii. Criminal Division Workload . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    a) The Judicial Complement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35

    b) Crime Rate in Saskatchewan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .37

    iv. Civil Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .40

    v. Family Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .46

    vi. Youth Criminal Justice Act Jurisdiction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47

    vii. The Public We Serve . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    a) Unrepresented and Self Represented Persons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49

    b) First Appearances in Provincial Court . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .50

  • ii SPCJA Submission to the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Commission November 2011

    c) Emotional Problems, Learning Disorders and Mental Health Disabilities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .51 d) Literacy Problems . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    e) Gladue Inquiries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    f) French Trials and Interpreters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52

    h) Spotlight in the Media. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53

    viii. Accessibility . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .57 B. Attracting the Most Qualified Applicants. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .63

    1. Tax Implications for Private Practitioners . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

    C. Economic and Market Factors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .78

    1. Saskatchewan - Leading the Nation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

    2. Cost of Living in Saskatchewan. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .82

    D. Salaries Paid to Other Trial Judges in Saskatchewan . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84

    E. Salaries Paid to Other Trial Judges in Canada. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 Part V Recommendations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .93

    A. Salaries. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

    1. Puisne Judges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

    2. Chief Judge, Associate and Administrative Judges . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .94

    3. Temporary Judge Remuneration. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95

    B. 100% Pension Indexing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96

    C. Medical, Drug, Dental, and Eye Care Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    1. Full Time Judges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .99

    i. Enhanced Medical, Drug, Dental, and Eye Care Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    ii. Flexible Health Care Allowance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99

    2. Retired Judges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100

    D. Review Spousal/Survivor/Dependant Pension Benefits. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105

  • iii SPCJA Submission to the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Commission November 2011

    E. Professional Allowance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

    1. Enhancing the Professional Allowance. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106

    2. Fund for Court Attire. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .106

    F. Sabbatical for the Office of the Chief Judge . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107

    G. Legislative Review. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    1. Increase the Retirement Age from 65 to 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    2. Senior Judges Program. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    3. Indemnification Agreement. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108

    4. General Legislative Review. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .109

    Part VI Costs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .110

    Part VII Summary of SPCJA Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111

    Part VIII Appendix . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

  • Part II A. Circuit Map

    3.1 SPCJA Submission to the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Commission November 2011

    4 or more visits/month 1 to 4 visits /month Up to 1 visit / month

  • 1 SPCJA Submission to the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Commission November 2011

    Part I Introduction

    1. The mandate of this Provincial Court Commission is to make recommendations to the Minister concerning the appropriate remuneration for Judges of the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan (also referred to as the “Provincial Court” or the “Court”) for the three year period from April 1, 2012 to March 31, 2015. To assist the Commission with this task, the Saskatchewan Provincial Court Judges’ Association (hereinafter “SPCJA”) makes the following submissions.

    2. Part II provides an overview of the Provincial Court of Saskatchewan and includes a map of the province which depicts the locations in the province where Judges of the Court regularly preside.

    3. Part III discusses the mandate and contains an overview of the legal and legislative

    framework and the role of judicial compensation commissions generally.

    4. Part IV discusses the Factors for Consideration by the Commission including: A. The Trial Judges’ Role and Judicial Independence Describes the work of the Court. B. Attracting the Most Qualified Applicants1 Discusses the challenges faced by the Provincial Court in attracting the best applicants.

    C. Economic and Market Factors Saskatchewan continues to experience a strong economy and promising future.

    D. Salaries Paid to Other Trial Judges in Saskatchewan E. Salaries Paid to Other Trial Judges in Canada F. Remuneration of Senior Members of the Legal Profession2

    5. Part V details the SPCJA’s recommendations to this Commission.

    6. Part VI addresses the costs of preparing for and appearing before this Commission.

    7. Part VII provides a summary of the SPCJA recommendations.

    8. Part VIII is the Appendix which includes a number of the documents referred to in this brief.

    1 Factors B. Attracting the Most Qualified Applicants and F. Remuneration of Senior Members of the Legal Profession are discussed together under B. 2 As above

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