“qu'est-ce qui est ‘poéti...française contemporaine”

Download “Qu'Est-ce Qui Est ‘Poéti...Française Contemporaine”

Post on 21-Dec-2015

3 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

DESCRIPTION

nadja cohen

TRANSCRIPT

  • 4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"_&RKHQ_5HYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQoDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQH

    KWWSZZZUHYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQFDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQHRUJUFIIFDUWLFOHYLHZI[

    )UDQoDLV

    /$1*8(

    6RXPHWWUH

    $&&8(,/+20(

    $352326$%287

    87,/,6$7(8586(5

    &285$17&855(17

    $5&+,9(6$5&+,9(

    $33(/6&$//6

    5(&+(5&+(56($5&+

    /,(16 /,1.6

    4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"([FXUVLRQGDQVOHVGLVFRXUVFRQWHPSRUDLQVVXUOH

    FLQpPD

  • 4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"_&RKHQ_5HYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQoDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQH

    KWWSZZZUHYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQFDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQHRUJUFIIFDUWLFOHYLHZI[

    ULQJDUGLVH /D SRpVLH HVW HQ HIIHW WRXMRXUV SDVVpH GHPRGH >@ ODYRL[ DQRQ\PH HW FROOHFWLYH GX 'LFWLRQQDLUH GHV LGpHV UHoXHV GH)ODXEHUWOHGLVDLWGpMjFODLUHPHQW

    3RXUWDQWOHWHUPHQDSDVGLVSDUXGXYRFDEXODLUHpYDOXDWLIIRUPHORXLQIRUPHO 2Q VHPEOH PrPH DVVLVWHU GHSXLV XQH GL]DLQH GDQQpHVHQYLURQjXQUHWRXUHQ IRUFHGHFHYRFDEOHTXLHVWSDUWRXWVXU OHVFLPDLVHV GHV PXVpHV >@ GDQV OHV WLWUHV GHV VSHFWDFOHV >@ GDQV ODERXFKHGHVDUWLVWHVHWGDQVOHVWLWUHVGHOHXUVYLGpRVSHUIRUPDQFHVHWLQVWDOODWLRQV >@/DSRpVLHVHQLFKHVRXVODSOXPHGHVFULWLTXHVGHILOPHWPrPHRQYLHQWGHOHYRLUGHMHX[YLGpRMXVTXHGDQVOHVGLVFRXUVSXEOLFLWDLUHV RX GDQV GHV FRQWH[WHV RQ QH SHXW SOXV SURVDwTXHV&RPPHQW H[SOLTXHU FH SKpQRPqQH " 'DQV XQH VWUDWpJLH GHFRPPXQLFDWLRQ TXHOOHV YDOHXUV OH YRFDEOH SRpVLH HVWLO FHQVpYpKLFXOHU"TXHOOHSRpVLHUHQYRLHQWFHVXVDJHVPDLVDXVVLTXHQRXVDSSUHQQHQWLOV VXU OD SRpVLH " /H IDLW TXH OH WHUPH VRLW VRXYHQW XQWLWUHSDUGpIDXWRXXQFRQFHSWIORX >@QDIIDLEOLWHQULHQODUpIOH[LRQVXU OHVHQVGH ODUpIpUHQFHj ODSRpVLH(QHIIHWRQVHVRXYLHQWTXHGDQV 7DEOHDX[ GDXWHXUV >@ %HUQDUG 9RXLOORX[ D PRQWUp FRPPHQWOHPSORLTX$QGUp%UHWRQIDLVDLWGXPRWSRpVLHQRWDPPHQWGDQVVRQGLVFRXUV VXU OD SHLQWXUH DXVVL IORX HW VXUSORPEDQW VRLWLO YLVDLW jUHIXVHU OD SHLQWXUH UpWLQLHQQH SXLVTXH OD SRpVLH VDXYH OD SHLQWXUHGHOOHPrPH ODUUDFKHjVHVGpWHUPLQDWLRQVPDWpULHOOHVVHQVRULHOOHVRSWLTXHVPDQXHOOHVWHFKQLTXHVIRUPHOOHV>@ >@

    'DQV OH YDVWH FKDPS GH OD UpIpUHQFH LQWHUPpGLDOH VRXPLV j GLYHUVHIIHWVGHPRGH OHFLQpPDMRXLWGXQVWDWXWSDUWLFXOLHUSXLVTXLODpWpUDSSURFKp GH OD SRpVLH GqV OHV DQQpHV SRXU VRQ U\WKPH VDSXLVVDQFH GpYRFDWLRQ HW OD GHQVLWp GH VHV LPDJHV >@ 6L ODGMHFWLISRpWLTXH UpJXOLqUHPHQW DVVRFLp j FHUWDLQV ILOPV QD MDPDLV pWpGpILQL DYHF ULJXHXU LO VHPEOH UHQYR\HUGHPDQLqUH UpFXUUHQWHjGHVSURFpGpVOHIORXHWODVXULPSUHVVLRQGDQVOHPXHWXQPRQWDJHOHQWOXVDJH GX UDOHQWL GX SODQ VpTXHQFH HWF HW j GHV HIIHWV GH VHQVOLEHUWpV SULVHV DYHF OD ORJLTXH HW OD OLQpDULWp GX UpFLW HWF ODXWRPQH 6WpSKDQH 'HORUPH VLJQDLW XQ pGLWRULDO LQWLWXOp3RpWLTXH "GDQV OHV&DKLHUVGXFLQpPD >@ SDUWLU GX ILOP GH /HRV&DUD[+RO\0RWRUVLOGpIHQGDLWOH[LVWHQFHGXQFLQpPDSRpWLTXHRSULPHUDLW OD OLEHUWpGH ODQDUUDWLRQ OLPSUpYLVLELOLWpGHVFKRVHVHWIDLVDLW OpORJHGHFHV ILOPVR ORQHQWUHFRPPHGDQVXQUrYHDX[VWUXFWXUHV IRUPHOOHV RULJLQDOHV KpULWLHUV GXQ FLQpPD SRpWLTXHKLVWRULTXH FHOXL GH %XxXHO &RFWHDX *UpPLOORQ HW -HDQ 9LJR /HQXPpURSURSRVDLW GDLOOHXUV GH VDUUrWHU VXU RQ]H VWDWLRQV FHVWjGLUH RQ]H ILOPV FRPSRVDQW XQH KLVWRLUH SRpWLTXH GX FLQpPDIUDQoDLV >@

  • 4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"_&RKHQ_5HYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQoDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQH

    KWWSZZZUHYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQFDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQHRUJUFIIFDUWLFOHYLHZI[

    (Q WDQWTXH VSpFLDOLVWHVGH ODSRpVLH QRWDPPHQW FHOOHGXGpEXWGX;;HVLqFOHQRXVVRXKDLWRQVLQWHUURJHUFHVW\SHVGHUpIpUHQFHGDQVOHGLVFRXUVVXU OHFLQpPDGHFHVGHUQLqUHVDQQpHV&HWWHGpPDUFKHHVWHPSLULTXHHWDW\SLTXHGDQVOHFKDPSGHVpWXGHVOLWWpUDLUHV1RXVQRXVLQWpUHVVRQVHQHIIHWDX[XVDJHVGXWHUPHSRpWLTXHGDQVODFULWLTXHFRQWHPSRUDLQH HW QRQ DX[ ILOPV TXL UHYHQGLTXHUDLHQW OHXU ILOLDWLRQDYHF OD SRpVLH &HWWH SHWLWH HQTXrWH YLVH j DSSRUWHU XQH SLHUUH jOpGLILFDWLRQ GXQH JpQpDORJLH GH OLGpH GH SRpVLH KRUV GH VRQFKDPS >@1RWUH DPELWLRQHVW LFL GHSURSRVHUTXHOTXHVSLVWHV VXU FHTXHUpYqOHRXGLVVLPXOHFHWWHDSSHOODWLRQHQSURFpGDQWSDUFRXSVGHVRQGHGDQVXQFRUSXVFRQVLGpUDEOH1RXVDYRQVSUrWpXQHDWWHQWLRQSDUWLFXOLqUH DX[ DVVRFLDWLRQV OH[LFDOHV FROORFDWLRQV OHV SOXVIUpTXHQWHVGDQVOHGLVFRXUVVXUOHFLQpPDFRPPHUrYHULHSRpWLTXHHVVDLSRpWLTXHHUUDQFHSRpWLTXHpWUDQJHHWSRpWLTXHRXHQFRUHSRpWLTXHHWRQLULTXH/HVUHYXHVGHSUHVVHHQOLJQHSURSRVpHVSDUOD&LQpPDWKqTXHGH3DULVQRXVRQWDXVVLIRXUQLXQPDWpULDXSUpFLHX[SDUWLU GH Oj QRXV DYRQV PLV DX MRXU GHV FRQYHUJHQFHV GDQV OHVXVDJHV GX WHUPH FRUUHVSRQGDQW j WURLV TXDOLWpV GH OD SRpVLH ORSSRVLWLRQ j XQH QRUPH HQ SDUWLFXOLHU QDUUDWLYH OH EURXLOODJH GHVIURQWLqUHVHQWUH UrYHHW UpDOLWpGDQV OH VLOODJHGHV VXUUpDOLVWHV HW ODFRQFHQWUDWLRQ VXU VHV PR\HQV SURSUHV HQYLVDJpH FRPPH XQHVVHQWLDOLVPH

    3RpWLTXH pFDUWSDUUDSSRUWjXQHQRUPH SUHPLqUH YXH VRQW TXDOLILpV GH SRpWLTXHV PrPH GDQV OHVFULWLTXHV OHV PRLQV SURIHVVLRQQHOOHV GHV ILOPV TXL VpFDUWHQW GXQHQRUPH TXH FHWWH QRUPH VRLW FRPPHUFLDOH QDUUDWLYH HVWKpWLTXH RXPRUDOH'DQV OHFLQpPDILFWLRQQHO LO VDJLWDYDQW WRXWGXQHGLVWDQFHSULVHDYHFODQDUUDWLYLWpWUDGLWLRQQHOOHGDQVOHGRFXPHQWDLUHDYHFXQHYRORQWp GLGDFWLTXH 2X OHV GHX[ j OD IRLV GDQV OH GRFXPHQWDULVPHSRpWLTXHGHFRPPHOHPRQWUHXQEHDXWH[WHGDQVOHTXHO%pOD%DOi]V IDLW OpORJH GH /+RPPH j OD FDPpUD GH ']LJD 9HUWRY 1LVXFFHVVLRQ FRKpUHQWH GpYpQHPHQWV QL IDEOH OH YR\DJH TXH QRXVSURSRVH 9HUWRY HVW SRpVLH &H VRQW GHV LPSUHVVLRQV TXL QRXV VRQWFRPPXQLTXpHV >@

    'H IDoRQ SULYLOpJLpH OH WHUPH SRpWLTXH VHPEOH VDSSOLTXHU j GHVILOPVDX U\WKPHSDUWLFXOLHU SDUIRLV OHQW GpODLVVDQW OD QDUUDWLRQ&HVILOPVTXLSHXYHQWrWUHGLWVFRQWHPSODWLIVIDYRULVHQWOLPPHUVLRQGHVSHUVRQQDJHVGDQVXQSD\VDJHHWFHOOHGXVSHFWDWHXUGDQVOHILOP/DWUDPHQDUUDWLYH\HVWOLPLWpHjVDSOXVVLPSOHH[SUHVVLRQHQWUHFRXSpHGHORQJXHVVWDVHVDXFXUGXQUpFLWYRLUHWRWDOHPHQWGHVWUXFWXUpH

  • 4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"_&RKHQ_5HYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQoDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQH

    KWWSZZZUHYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQFDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQHRUJUFIIFDUWLFOHYLHZI[

    $LQVL DX VXMHW GH 6DXYDJH LQQRFHQFH GH 3KLOLSSH *DUUHO 1LFRODV*LXOLDQL >@ FpOqEUHWLO GDQV &ULWLNDW OH WDOHQW GX FLQpDVWH SRXULQWURGXLUH GHV WURXV GDLU GDQV OD ILFWLRQ FUpDQW XQH UHVSLUDWLRQSRpWLTXHjODIDYHXUGXQHFRQVWUXFWLRQQDUUDWLYHJLJRJQHHPERvWDQWXQ ILOP GDQV OH ILOP 8QH WHOOH VWUXFWXUH QDUUDWLYH VHUDLW XQH IDoRQGDUULYHU j XQH IRUPH SXUHPHQW SRpWLTXH OLEpUpH GH OD QDUUDWLRQ/pTXLYDOHQFHPLVHHQpYLGHQFHSDUQRVLWDOLTXHVHVWLQWpUHVVDQWHSDUVHV SUpVXSSRVpV (OOH SHUSpWXH HQ HIIHW XQH RSSRVLWLRQ VROLGHPHQWpWDEOLHHQWUHODSRpVLHHWOHUpFLWGDQVOHV\VWqPHIUDQoDLVGHVJHQUHVOLWWpUDLUHV HQGpSLW GXQH LPSRUWDQWH WUDGLWLRQGXSRqPHQDUUDWLI HQ(XURSH >@'DQVFHWWHKLVWRLUHFRPSOH[HGH ODGpILQLWLRQGH ODSRpVLHSDU RSSRVLWLRQ DX UpFLW 0DOODUPp MRXH XQ JUDQG U{OH 6D SRpVLHFRQVWLWXHXQREMHWUrYpSDUVRQFDUDFWqUHKHUPpWLTXHHWDXWRWpOLTXHHWVHV pFULWV EDQQLVVHQW GX FKDPS SRpWLTXH WURLV DFWLYLWpV MXJpHVLQGLJQHVGHOXLQDUUHUHQVHLJQHUPrPHGpFULUH >@

    /HV RFFXUUHQFHV GX WHUPH SRpWLTXH GDQV OD FULWLTXHFLQpPDWRJUDSKLTXHUpYqOHQWDLQVL ODSHUVLVWDQFHGHFHW LPDJLQDLUHGHOD SRpVLH GXTXHO VHUDLHQW H[FOXHV OD QDUUDWLRQ GH PrPH TXH WRXWHYRORQWp GLGDFWLTXH /D QRWLRQ GH SRpVLH GRFXPHQWDLUH PLVH HQDYDQW SDU 3pULSKpULH HW GLVFXWpH VXU )UDQFH FXOWXUH HQ >@SUpVHQWHDORUVDSULRULXQHFRQWUDGLFWLRQGDQVOHVWHUPHV'DQVOHFDVGXFLQpPDGRFXPHQWDLUHFHWXVDJHGXWHUPHSRpWLTXHVRSSRVHjODGLPHQVLRQ LQIRUPDWLYHHW REMHFWLYH FHVWjGLUHj OD UHSUpVHQWDWLRQGX UpHO GDQV OLPDJLQDLUH FROOHFWLI /pGLWLRQ GHV5HQFRQWUHV GXFLQpPD GRFXPHQWDLUH YRLU DIILFKH RIIUDLW XQ ODUJH VSHFWUH GH FHTXRQSHXWTXDOLILHUGHSRpWLTXHGDQVOHFLQpPDGXUpHOXQUHJDUGGpFDOpVXUOHUpHOXQWUDLWHPHQWLQDWWHQGXXQHDWWHQWLRQSRUWpHjGHVREMHWV RX j GHV rWUHV LQKDELWXHOV /D SRpVLH pWDLW GRQF ELHQHQYLVDJpHFRPPHXQDXWUHFKRVHFRPPHXQpFDUWSDUUDSSRUWjGHVXSSRVpHVQRUPHV FHTXL UHMRLQW ODGpILQLWLRQGXVW\OH FRPPHpFDUWSDU UDSSRUW j OD QRUPH FRPPXQH GDQV OHV pWXGHV OLWWpUDLUHV >@ /DTXHVWLRQVHSRVHDORUVGHVDYRLUGHTXHOOHSRpVLHRQSDUOHHWjTXHOPRGqOHRQVHUpIqUH

    /HV5HQFRQWUHVGXFLQpPDGRFXPHQWDLUH3RpVLHGRFXPHQWDLUH

    5pDOLVDWLRQ'DPLHQ5RVVLHU6FRSH(GLWLRQV

    $VVRFLDWLRQ3pULSKpULHKWWSZZZSHULSKHULHDVVRIU

  • 4XHVWFHTXLHVWSRpWLTXH"_&RKHQ_5HYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQoDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQH

    KWWSZZZUHYXHFULWLTXHGHIL[[LRQIUDQFDLVHFRQWHPSRUDLQHRUJUFIIFDUWLFOHYLHZI[

    8Q DXWUH FULWqUH LPSRUWDQW VHORQ &RULQQH %RSS UHVSRQVDEOH GH FHVUHQFRQWUHVHVWFHOXLGHODVXEMHFWLYLWpHOOHTXDOLILHDLQVLOHVILOPVGH-RKDQ YDQ GHU .HXNHQ GH SRpWLTXHV HQ UDLVRQ GH OD SUpVHQFH GXFLQpDVWHj OpFUDQRXjWUDYHUV ODYRL[RII >@'HIDLWGDQV ODFXOWXUHOLWWpUDLUH ODGMHFWLI SRpWLTXH HVW FRPPXQpPHQW DVVRFLp jOH[SUHVVLRQGHVVHQWLPHQWVSHUVRQQHOVDXSRLQWTXH ORQGpVLJQH ODSRpVLHGDQVODFXOWXUHVFRODLUHSDUODSpULSKUDVHJHQUHO\ULTXH$XFLQpPD VRQW GRQF TXDOLILpV GH SRpWLTXHV OHV ILOPV OHV SOXV QRXUULVGXQH H[SpULHQFH SHUVRQQHOOH 3RpWLTXH HW LQWLPH IRQFWLRQQHQWVRXYHQWHQVHPEOH >@D IRUWLRUL GDQV OH FDV GHV MRXUQDX[ LQWLPHV HQLPDJHV &HWWH YHLQH SRpWLTXH VHUDLW GDLOOHXUV XQH VSpFLILFLWpIUDQoDLVHVHORQ6WpSKDQH'HORUPHTXLFLWH6HUJH'DQH\FRPSDUDQWOHVpFUDQV j GHV IHXLOOHV DUUDFKpHV j GHV OLYUHV GH ERUG HW j GHVMRXUQDX[ LQWLPHV >@ $ODLQ &DYDOLHU HVW XQ UHSUpVHQWDQW GH FHWWHWHQGDQFH /H )LOPHXU MRXUQDO LQWLPH ILOPp HQWUH HW HVWDLQVL ORXp HQ FHV WHUPHV GDQV /D /LEUH %HOJLTXH 8QHXYUH SOXVSRpWLTXH TXDXWRELRJUDSKLTXH SOXV FRQWHPSODWLYH TXHGpPRQVWUDWLYH >@ /XVDJHGX WHUPHHVW LFL VLJQLILFDWLI FDU LO GpVLJQHXQpFDUWSDUUDSSRUWjODQRUPHIWHOOHDXWRELRJUDSKLTXHQRQUpFLWGHVRLPDLVSUpVHQFHGHVRLDXPRQGH

    'DQV OH FLQpPDGRFXPHQWDLUH XQGHV FDV OHVSOXV UHSUpVHQWDWLIV GHFHWWH YHLQH SRpWLTXH VHORQ &RULQQH %RSS SRXUUDLW rWUH +DUERXUG$XGULXV6WRQ\VTXLILOPHXQOLHXXQLTXHOHVEDLQVGXQVDQDWRULXPHQ OHXU FRQIpUDQW XQH IRUPH GpWUDQJHWp UDGLFDOH SDU XQ WUDYDLOH[FHSWLRQQHO VXU OH U\WKPH HW OD EDQGH VRQ HQ HQWUHPrODQW WURLVFKDQWV O\ULTXHVTXL IRQW GpFROOHU OHV LPDJHV >@ /H FKRL[ GX WKqPH3RpVLHGRFXPHQWDLUHj0RQWUHXLOFRwQFLGDLWDYHF ODVRUWLH ODPrPHDQQpHGHORXYUDJHGH&RULQQH0DXU\+DELWHUOHPRQGHFRQVDFUpDXSRpWLTXH GDQV OH FLQpPD GX UpHO 3RXU FHWWH GHUQLqUH SOXV TXHOLQWLPH FHVW OH O\ULVPH GX OLHX TXL GpILQLW OH SRpWLTXH 'DQV FHWRXYUDJH OHFRUSXVVHVLWXHGDQVOD OLJQpHGHOKDELW>DWLRQ@SRpWLTXHGXPRQGHVHORQODIRUPXOHGXSRqWHDOOHPDQG+|OGHUOLQGLFKWHULVFK