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Mozambique Then and Now An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics
THE WORLD BANK INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTATÍSTICA
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Mozambique Then and Now An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics
Tanzania, United Republic of
Central African Republic
Dar es Salaam
0 250 500 1,000
contents vi I Preface
3 The people of mozambique Population Demographic distribution by age and gender Main languages Religions
15 wealth Poverty Inequality Asset ownership
21 healthy lives Infant mortality rate Infant mortality in Africa Underweight, prevalence and concentration Stunting, prevalence and concentration Maternal mortality rate Malnutrition Distance to health facilities Fertility Access to improved water Trend in accessing water from rivers and lakes Diarrhea and malaria
39 access to services Access to electricity Access to running water Access to phones and internet Distance to major urban areas
45 education Trend in primary gross enrollment rates Primary enrollment by gender Primary enrollment across Africa Distance to primary schools Trend in secondary gross enrollment rates Secondary enrollment by gender Secondary enrollment across Africa Distance to secondary schools Literacy rates Share of population with complete primary Share of population with complete secondary
57 land and agriculture Topography Land suitability Rainfall by year Rainfall by month Temperature by month Ownership of animals
68 definition of indicators
70 image and map index
Mozambique Then and Now
The National Statistical Institute of Mozambique is responsible to collect, analyze, publish, and disseminate statistical information on a wide range of topics. The mis- sion of the National Statistical Institute is to provide and promote accurate, appropri- ate, high-quality, and timely statistical information for use in both the public and the private sectors for policy formulation, decision making, research, and general public awareness for the advancement of the socio-economic status of Mozambicans.
A central focus of the work of the INE is the data collection on living conditions of the population of Mozambique. This Atlas was developed as part of efforts to increase the understanding of the living conditions of Mozambicans and to serve as a basis for the preparation of the country’s development strategies.
Taken in their entirety, the maps in this Atlas provide profound insights into the characteristics and living conditions of the population of Mozambique and how they vary across the country, thereby enabling poverty reduction programs and policies
to be appropriately targeted. It is our wish that this Atlas will provide an important source of information for all those who want to have the mission to promote the eco- nomic and social development in Mozambique.
The maps are elaborated principally from the results of the 2007 Population Census and the 2008/09 Household Budget Survey (Inquerito ao Orcamento Familiar, IOF 2009).
Funding for this publication was provided by the Trust Fund for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (TF ESSD) at the World Bank and is gratefully ac- knowledged. We also gratefully acknowledge the excellent collaboration and support provided in the joint preparation of this Atlas.
João Dias Loureiro President of INE
This atlas has been prepared jointly by the National Statistics Office of Mozambique (Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, INE) and the World Bank.
INE provided the 1997 and 2007 Population Census data which is the basis for this Atlas, as well as contributed detailed input and comments that ensured the statistical accuracy and improved its overall quality.
Special thanks goes to INE’s President, Dr João Dias Loureiro, for providing over- all guidance and inspiration, and to the World Bank Country Director for Mozam- bique, Mr Laurence Clarke, for encouraging and supporting this project. Invaluable comments and guidance was also received by INE Vice-President, Mr Manuel Gas- par, and the World Bank Sector Manager for Poverty Reduction and Economic Man- agement in southern Africa, Mr John Panzer.
The atlas was produced by a team led by Mr Antonio Nucifora (World Bank, Lead Economist), and including Mr Thomas Pave Sohnesen (World Bank Senior Econo- mist, and main author of the Atlas), Mr Vasco Molini (World Bank, Senior Poverty Economist), Mr Antonio Adriano (INE Deputy Director for Census and Surveys), Mr Cassiano Chipembe (INE Director of Statistics on Demography and Living Condi- tions ), Mr Paulo Covele (GIS specialist), and Ms Andrea Nieves (Graphic designer). Funding for the production was provided by the Trust Fund for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (TF ESSD) at the World Bank.
Mozambique Then and Now: An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics
It is well known that Mozambique is characterized by wide variations in socio-economic indicators across provinces. According to available statistics, such differences have decreased in recent years. For instance, we know that there has been great progress in both primary and secondary enrollment rates the last decade; however, which areas have made the greatest progress, and which areas are still lacking behind? Infant mortality rates fell the last decade, but where did they decline the most, and where are they still high? This atlas provides maps and illustrations that give insights into these aspects and many more. It does so by showing a range of social and economic statistics at the level of Administrative Posts. For most of the indicators it includes maps which show the situation in 1997 and in 2007. In addition some of the maps specifically illustrate the change over the decade. Overall the Atlas provides a fascinating snapshot of recent socio-economic changes in Mozambique.
Antonio Nucifora and Thomas Pave Sohnesen
the people of mozambique Population language religion
Mozambique’s growing population speaks a wide range of tongues and belongs to a variety of religious denominations.
The northern province of Nampu- la, the central parts of the country (Zambezia, Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces) and the south Eastern coastline (of Inhambane, Gaza and Maputo provinces) have the larg- est populations (fig 1.1 and 1.2) and the highest rural population densi- ties (fig 1.3). The population densi- ty refers to the number people liv- ing in a given Administrative Post divided by the size of that Adminis- trative Post measured in squared ki- lometers.
0 75 150 300
Less than 25
Greater than 100
0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000
1.1 – Total population by province (in thousands), 1997 and 2007
1.2 – Total population (in thousands), 2007 1.3 – Rural population per km2, 2007
The population of Mozambique is still growing, reaching 20.5 m