public disclosure authorized mozambique then and ... mozambique then and now population growth from

Download Public Disclosure Authorized Mozambique Then and ... Mozambique Then and Now Population growth from

Post on 11-Jul-2020

0 views

Category:

Documents

0 download

Embed Size (px)

TRANSCRIPT

  • Mozambique Then and Now An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics

    1997–2007

    THE WORLD BANK INSTITUTO NACIONAL DE ESTATÍSTICA

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    P ub

    lic D

    is cl

    os ur

    e A

    ut ho

    riz ed

    wb350881 Typewritten Text 87733

  • ii

  • Mozambique Then and Now An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics

    1997–2007

  • iv

    RDC

    Sudan

    Angola

    Ethiopia

    South Africa

    Zambia

    Namibia

    Chad

    Kenya

    Somalia

    Botswana

    Nigeria

    Congo

    Cameroon

    Madagascar

    Gabon

    Zimbabwe

    Tanzania, United Republic of

    Uganda

    Central African Republic

    Malawi

    Niger Yemen

    Lesotho

    Burundi

    Rwanda

    Djibouti

    Swaziland

    Equatorial Guinea

    Equatorial Guinea

    Aden

    Beira

    Malabo

    Lusaka

    Luanda

    Harare

    Mbabne

    Kigoma

    Mtwara

    Huambo

    Matadi

    Maseru Durban

    Maputo

    Bangui

    Nairobi

    Mombasa

    Kampala

    Toliara

    Kahemba

    Kananga

    Yaounde

    Windhoek

    Lilongwe

    Djibouti

    Mbandaka

    El Obeid

    Bulawayo

    Kinshasa

    Pretoria

    Gaborone

    Benguela

    Muqdisho

    Cape Town

    Kimberley

    Maiduguri

    Bujumbura

    N'Djamena

    Kisangani

    Lumumbashi

    Adis Abeba

    Port Gentil

    Livingstone

    East London

    Brazzaville

    Antananarivo

    Pointe Noire

    Johannesburg

    Dar es Salaam

    Port Elizabeth

    C.Ilha Moçambique

    0 250 500 1,000

    Kilometers

  • contents vi I Preface

    vii Acknowledgement

    1 Introduction

    3 The people of mozambique Population Demographic distribution by age and gender Main languages Religions

    15 wealth Poverty Inequality Asset ownership

    21 healthy lives Infant mortality rate Infant mortality in Africa Underweight, prevalence and concentration Stunting, prevalence and concentration Maternal mortality rate Malnutrition Distance to health facilities Fertility Access to improved water Trend in accessing water from rivers and lakes Diarrhea and malaria

    39 access to services Access to electricity Access to running water Access to phones and internet Distance to major urban areas

    45 education Trend in primary gross enrollment rates Primary enrollment by gender Primary enrollment across Africa Distance to primary schools Trend in secondary gross enrollment rates Secondary enrollment by gender Secondary enrollment across Africa Distance to secondary schools Literacy rates Share of population with complete primary Share of population with complete secondary

    57 land and agriculture Topography Land suitability Rainfall by year Rainfall by month Temperature by month Ownership of animals

    68 definition of indicators

    70 image and map index

    72 REFERENCES

    Mozambique Then and Now

  • vi

    Preface

    The National Statistical Institute of Mozambique is responsible to collect, analyze, publish, and disseminate statistical information on a wide range of topics. The mis- sion of the National Statistical Institute is to provide and promote accurate, appropri- ate, high-quality, and timely statistical information for use in both the public and the private sectors for policy formulation, decision making, research, and general public awareness for the advancement of the socio-economic status of Mozambicans.

    A central focus of the work of the INE is the data collection on living conditions of the population of Mozambique. This Atlas was developed as part of efforts to increase the understanding of the living conditions of Mozambicans and to serve as a basis for the preparation of the country’s development strategies.

    Taken in their entirety, the maps in this Atlas provide profound insights into the characteristics and living conditions of the population of Mozambique and how they vary across the country, thereby enabling poverty reduction programs and policies

    to be appropriately targeted. It is our wish that this Atlas will provide an important source of information for all those who want to have the mission to promote the eco- nomic and social development in Mozambique.

    The maps are elaborated principally from the results of the 2007 Population Census and the 2008/09 Household Budget Survey (Inquerito ao Orcamento Familiar, IOF 2009).

    Funding for this publication was provided by the Trust Fund for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (TF ESSD) at the World Bank and is gratefully ac- knowledged. We also gratefully acknowledge the excellent collaboration and support provided in the joint preparation of this Atlas.

    João Dias Loureiro President of INE

  • vii

    acknowledgements

    This atlas has been prepared jointly by the National Statistics Office of Mozambique (Instituto Nacional de Estatistica, INE) and the World Bank.

    INE provided the 1997 and 2007 Population Census data which is the basis for this Atlas, as well as contributed detailed input and comments that ensured the statistical accuracy and improved its overall quality.

    Special thanks goes to INE’s President, Dr João Dias Loureiro, for providing over- all guidance and inspiration, and to the World Bank Country Director for Mozam- bique, Mr Laurence Clarke, for encouraging and supporting this project. Invaluable comments and guidance was also received by INE Vice-President, Mr Manuel Gas- par, and the World Bank Sector Manager for Poverty Reduction and Economic Man- agement in southern Africa, Mr John Panzer.

    The atlas was produced by a team led by Mr Antonio Nucifora (World Bank, Lead Economist), and including Mr Thomas Pave Sohnesen (World Bank Senior Econo- mist, and main author of the Atlas), Mr Vasco Molini (World Bank, Senior Poverty Economist), Mr Antonio Adriano (INE Deputy Director for Census and Surveys), Mr Cassiano Chipembe (INE Director of Statistics on Demography and Living Condi- tions ), Mr Paulo Covele (GIS specialist), and Ms Andrea Nieves (Graphic designer). Funding for the production was provided by the Trust Fund for Environmentally and Socially Sustainable Development (TF ESSD) at the World Bank.

  • viii

  • Mozambique Then and Now: An Atlas of Socio-Economic Statistics

    It is well known that Mozambique is characterized by wide variations in socio-economic indicators across provinces. According to available statistics, such differences have decreased in recent years. For instance, we know that there has been great progress in both primary and secondary enrollment rates the last decade; however, which areas have made the greatest progress, and which areas are still lacking behind? Infant mortality rates fell the last decade, but where did they decline the most, and where are they still high? This atlas provides maps and illustrations that give insights into these aspects and many more. It does so by showing a range of social and economic statistics at the level of Administrative Posts. For most of the indicators it includes maps which show the situation in 1997 and in 2007. In addition some of the maps specifically illustrate the change over the decade. Overall the Atlas provides a fascinating snapshot of recent socio-economic changes in Mozambique.

    Antonio Nucifora and Thomas Pave Sohnesen

  • 2

  • the people of mozambique Population language religion

    Mozambique’s growing population speaks a wide range of tongues and belongs to a variety of religious denominations.

  • 4

    population

    The northern province of Nampu- la, the central parts of the country (Zambezia, Sofala, Manica and Tete provinces) and the south Eastern coastline (of Inhambane, Gaza and Maputo provinces) have the larg- est populations (fig 1.1 and 1.2) and the highest rural population densi- ties (fig 1.3). The population densi- ty refers to the number people liv- ing in a given Administrative Post divided by the size of that Adminis- trative Post measured in squared ki- lometers.

    0 75 150 300

    Kilometers

    Less than 25

    25–50

    51–75

    76–100

    Greater than 100

    0 1,000 2,000 3,000 4,000

    Maputo City

    Maputo province

    Gaza

    Inhambane

    Sofala

    Manica

    Tete

    Zambezia

    Nampula

    Cabo Delgado

    Niassa

    1997 2007

    1.1 – Total population by province (in thousands), 1997 and 2007

    1.2 – Total population (in thousands), 2007 1.3 – Rural population per km2, 2007

    The population of Mozambique is still growing, reaching 20.5 m

Recommended

View more >